5 Conditions When You Need A Skin Specialist

5 Conditions When You Need A Skin Specialist


If you have a condition that affects your skin, such as eczema or rosacea, you may need to see a dermatologist. Dermatologists are doctors who specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, conditions and disorders affecting the skin.


Dermatology is one of the oldest medical specialities. People with skin problems often seek help from dermatologists because they can provide answers about their symptoms and suggest effective treatment options.
 

It is important for you to understand that not all conditions require the services of a skin specialist. Some common diseases like pimples, chickenpox etc. and can be treated at home with proper medication or through natural remedies. However, there are certain conditions that can affect your life greatly if left untreated or if they are not diagnosed properly by a qualified doctor.
 

This means that if you are experiencing any of these conditions, you should visit a dermatologist:


1. Eczema/Dermatitis


Eczema is a chronic condition that causes redness, scaly patches and itching on various parts of the body. Dermatitis is similar but less severe than eczema, causing dryness and flaking instead of redness and scaling.
 

Both conditions can be treated with over-the-counter creams or prescription medications from your primary care doctor (PCP), but people with severe cases might need to see a specialist for additional care options such as phototherapy or immunosuppressants.


2. Psoriasis 


Psoriasis is a common skin condition that causes red, scaly patches to appear on the skin. The plaques may be covered with silvery scales or look like patches of dandruff. The disease affects about 2.2 percent of the population, with more than 7.5 million people in the United States having been diagnosed with it.
 

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease in which skin cells grow too quickly and pile up on the surface of the skin, causing thick and scaly patches to form. These patches are called plaques, and they can range in size from just a few millimetres to several centimetres across. Because the disease is characterised by the rapid growth of new skin cells, plaques are often preceded by raised red areas called "papules." These may also itch or burn.
 

Anyone can develop psoriasis at any time — even infants! The most common age for psoriasis to start is between 15 and 30 years old, though it can occur at any age. It does tend to run in families, so if your parents had it as children, then you're more likely to get it as well.


3. Rosacea 


Rosacea is a common skin disorder that causes redness, pimples and bumps on the face. It can also lead to swelling of the nose, eyes, eyelids and forehead.
 

Rosacea affects more than 14 million Americans and usually appears in people with fair skin who also have a family history of the condition. The exact cause is unknown, but experts believe it involves an overactive immune system reacting to bacteria that live on skin cells.
 

The most common symptom of rosacea is facial redness, which may occur with or without pimples or pustules (small bumps). In some cases, skin thickens and becomes bumpy. Rosacea also may affect the eyes, causing them to become irritated and watery.
 

Treatment of rosacea depends on its severity and where it appears on your body. Medications that help decrease facial redness include antibiotics (such as metronidazole or azelaic acid) or anti-inflammatory drugs (such as topical steroids). Other treatment options include lasers and light therapy (photodynamic therapy).


4. Allergic Reactions And Irritant Dermatitis 


These conditions are marked by inflammation, itching and redness in response to an allergen or irritant that touches the skin. The most common allergens include cosmetics, medications and plants such as poison ivy or poison oak. Irritants include soaps, detergents and exposure to harsh chemicals or extreme temperatures.

5 Conditions When You Need A Dermatologist


5. Acne Vulgaris (Adult Acne) 


Acne vulgaris is a chronic skin disease of the pilosebaceous units that begin in adolescence. Acne is caused by the hyperkeratinization of the pilosebaceous unit, which results in the formation of microcomedones and comedones. Microcomedones are not visible to the naked eye but can be detected by a dermatologist using magnification. 
 

Comedones are lesions formed by a combination of keratinization and sebum production. The development of microcomedones results from abnormal keratinization of infundibular keratinocytes at the base of terminal follicles.


The sebum produced by these cells is released into the follicle through a pore (pilary canaliculus) located above the infundibulum. This can cause inflammation and irritation of surrounding tissue, leading to redness and swelling.

 

Acne vulgaris can be classified according to its severity as mild, moderate or severe. Mild acne consists of small papules or pustules that are usually red or pink but not inflamed; it usually affects only localised areas on the face (the "T-zone") and chest (the "back"). 


Bonus Point

When Your Skin Is Infected


A cut or wound that gets infected by bacteria can lead to cellulitis, an infection of the soft tissue under your skin. Cellulitis can also cause fever and chills as well as redness, swelling and pain in your area of infection. 
 

Cellulitis usually occurs in moist areas like your groin or armpit but can also occur in other parts of your body, including your hands and face. If you experience any of these symptoms after getting a cut or scrape on your skin, see your doctor right away so they can evaluate whether or not you have cellulitis and treat it appropriately.


Conclusion


If you have a skin problem, it is important to get an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Your family doctor can do the initial examination and refer you to a dermatologist if indicated.
 

If you are suffering from any of the above symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.
 

Skin specialists are trained to diagnose and treat skin diseases, infections and injuries. They can also provide advice on how to avoid skin problems in the future.
 

The skin specialist will evaluate your current condition and determine whether it requires medical attention. If the condition does not require treatment, he or she will advise you on how to prevent further damage. The doctor may also prescribe medications if necessary.

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