All About Dental Implants

Dental Implants | PintFeed

A Dental Implant is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically placed into the jawbone beneath the gum line. This allows an Implantologist to fix a crown on the top, thereby providing the appearance of natural tooth. As implants look, feel and function like natural teeth, they offer the most realistic and long lasting solution for restoring your smile.
 

01: Pre-Treatment Checklist

  • Blood glucose level should be monitored before surgery to avoid high sugar levels, as this might interfere with the healing of the wound.
  • Blood pressure should be maintained at an optimal level to avoid complications before and after surgery.
  • It is advised to stop blood thinners before surgery, as these drugs can increase the risk of bleeding.
  • Inform your dentist about recent surgery or existing medical conditions, if any.
  • Implant Surgery might look or sound complicated but in reality, it is far from so. Being the most advanced of dental techniques, there are hardly any complications.
 

02: Implant Placement

  • With modern dentistry techniques, the Implant placement procedure are more comfortable and convenient.
  • The  jawbone is prepared for surgery. The surgeon first open the flap, reach the bone and place the implants deep into the bone.
  • Sometimes, the bone is not ready for Implant surgery. In this case artificial bone called Bone Graft is added. 
  • After this a temporary crown is placed to fill the gap for aesthetic purposes.
 

03: Suture Removal

  • A follow up visit may be required after 7-14 days for suture removal.
 

04: Healing Phase

  • During this process, the bone where the implant is placed grows into, and unites with, the surface of the Dental Implant. Termed Osseointegration, this process helps provide a stable base for your new artificial tooth - just like roots of your natural teeth.
  • This process usually takes around 3 to 6 months, depending on the patient’s bone health, structure and overall health. Sometimes, people have excellent bone structure and the procedure can be completed in just one day.
  • An X-ray is taken to check whether the implants have fused with the bone so that the next step can be undertaken.
 

05:  Abutment Placement

  • After the healing  is complete and the implant has been accepted by the body, a piece called abutment is attached to the Dental Implants.
  • A temporary crown can be given after 1-2 week. Till then, the gums around the abutment are left for healing. This cushions the Implant and directs the temporary crown to the soft tissues.
 

06: Placement of Permanent Crown

  • The permanent crown is made by laboratory to match your surrounding teeth. The surface texture, colour and anatomy are all characterised to blend in perfectly with the surrounding dentition.
  • You’ll have impressions taken of the remaining teeth. These impressions are used to make the crown - your realistic-looking artificial tooth.
  • The permanent crown is made within two weeks or less, after which it is cemented to the abutment. These dentally implanted teeth are considered to be extremely strong and durable.
  • After placement of the permanent crown, there are certain things that you will have to keep in mind - your doctor will direct you on the Post-Implant care.
 

07: Follow-up

  • Visit your dentist once every six months to ensure a long life for your Implants. 
  • Taking care of your Dental Implants
  • Daily preventive care, including proper brushing and flossing, is essential for good oral health.
  • You should select a toothbrush with soft bristles.
  • Do not be aggressive while brushing, as it might cause abrasion.
  • Flossing once a day is necessary.
  • Using alcohol free mouth rinses is highly recommended after every meal.
  • Being artificial teeth, Implants usually attract more bacteria than natural teeth. You should avoid eating sticky substances so that the crown doesn't get displaced. Eat soft foods while site heals. 

About the author:
Shashi Das has been associated with a renowned dental clinic and specializes in medical write-ups, health blogs and lifestyle choices. He shares views on healthy living, suggests oral hygiene tips and recommends ways to maintain dental health.

 
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