8 safety tips for trick-or-treating this Halloween

PintFeed | Happy Halloween 2017

Halloween is a time for some spooky fun, but for some people, particularly parents, it can be downright scary.

This year, Halloween falls on Tuesday and while there are no official trick-or-treating hours set, the sun is expected to set just after 6 p.m. and most families should conclude their trick-or-treating by 9 p.m.
Fortunately, for parents seeking to take their kids out, there are lots of ways to enjoy Halloween safely and to have a bit of fun, too.

1. Light it up:

Incorporate reflective tape into your child’s costume to make sure cars see them more easily. And don’t forget to bring flashlights as it gets darker outside.

2. Mask off: 

Skip masks which can obstruct your child’s vision or breathing (and their ability to eat candy). Instead, flex your make-up skills and paint directly onto your child’s face with non-toxic makeup. Make sure to wipe it all off before bedtime to avoid irritation.

3. Map it out: 

Figure out which neighborhoods you want to visit before you go. Include where bus and metro stops are, just in case you get tired along the way.

4. Check candy first:

Before you eat your candy, make sure to check that it hasn’t been opened or visibly tampered with. Only eat candy that is factory-made and never accept homemade treats.

5. Comfortable costumes: 

Wear comfy shoes (even if they don’t go with the attire) and ensure that costumes aren’t too long to avoid tripping. Have your little one try out their costume a few days beforehand, so that they’re comfortable walking in it.

6. Fake weapons, only: 

Make sure your little pirate or knight’s sword is flimsy and bendable. They can be authentic, but can avoid hurting themselves or others should they fall or stumble.

7. Welcoming houses: 

Only approach houses that are well-lit and decorated. These are the ones that are likely in the Halloween spirit. Never enter the house of anyone, unless you absolutely know and trust them.

8. Never trick-or-treat on an empty stomach: 

Just like you’d never shop on an empty stomach, don’t do the same trick-or-treating to avoid snacking on your candy along the way.

For homeowners, make sure your house is well-lit, your pets are indoors, and your porch is free of leaves and other obstacles.

Original Article : wbir.com



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Russian Influence Reached 126 Million Through Facebook Alone

PintFeed | Facebook

WASHINGTON — Russian agents intending to sow discord among American citizens disseminated inflammatory posts that reached 126 million users on Facebook, published more than 131,000 messages on Twitter and uploaded over 1,000 videos to Google’s YouTube service, according to copies of prepared remarks from the companies that were obtained by The New York Times.

The detailed disclosures, sent to Congress on Monday by companies whose products are among the most widely used on the internet, came before a series of congressional hearings this week into how third parties used social networks and online services to influence millions of Americans before the 2016 presidential election.

The new information goes far beyond what the companies have revealed in the past and underline the breadth of the Kremlin’s efforts to lever open divisions in the United States using American technology platforms, especially Facebook. Multiple investigations of Russian meddling have loomed over the first 10 months of Mr. Trump’s presidency, with one leading to the indictments of Paul Manafort, Mr. Trump’s former campaign chief, and others on Monday.

In its prepared remarks sent to Congress, Facebook said the Internet Research Agency, a shadowy Russian company linked to the Kremlin, had posted roughly 80,000 pieces of divisive content that was shown to about 29 million people between January 2015 and August 2017. Those posts were then liked, shared and followed by others, spreading the messages to tens of millions more people. Facebook also said it had found and deleted more than 170 accounts on its photo-sharing app Instagram; those accounts had posted about 120,000 pieces of Russia-linked content.

Previously, Facebook had said it identified more than $100,000 in advertisements paid for by the Internet Research Agency.

The Russia-linked posts were “an insidious attempt to drive people apart,” Colin Stretch, the general counsel for Facebook who will appear at the hearings, said in his prepared remarks. He called the posts “deeply disturbing,” and noted they focused on race, religion, gun rights, and gay and transgender issues.

Facebook, Mr. Stretch said, was “determined to prevent it from happening again.”

The new information also illuminated when Facebook knew there had been Russian interference on its platform. Several times before the election last Nov. 8, Facebook said its security team discovered threats targeted at employees of the major American political parties from a group called APT28, an agency that United States law enforcement officials have previously linked to Russian military intelligence operations.

Facebook cautioned that the Russia-linked posts represented a minuscule amount of content compared with the billions of posts that flow through users’ News Feeds everyday. Between 2015 and 2017, people in the United States saw more than 11 trillion posts from Pages on Facebook.

Twitter, in its prepared remarks, said it had discovered more than 2,700 accounts on its service that were linked to the Internet Research Agency between September 2016 and November 2016. Those accounts, which Twitter has suspended, posted roughly 131,000 tweets over that period.

Outside of the activity of the Internet Research Agency, Twitter identified more than 36,000 automated accounts that posted 1.4 million election-related tweets linked to Russia over that three-month period. The tweets received approximately 288 million views, according to the company’s remarks.

Twitter noted that the 1.4 million Russia-linked election tweets represented less than three-quarters of one percent of all election-related tweets during that period.

Google, in its prepared statement, said it had also found evidence that the Internet Research Agency bought ads on its services and created YouTube channels to upload short videos about divisive social issues including law enforcement, race relations or Syria.

Google said it had found 18 channels that were “likely associated” with the Russian agents that posted political videos to YouTube. All told, those accounts — now suspended — uploaded more than 1,100 videos totaling 43 hours of content from 2015 through the summer of 2017. Google said, in general, those videos had very low view counts that added up to 309,000 views between the middle of 2015 and late 2016. Only three percent of the videos had more than 5,000 views and there was no evidence that the accounts had targeted American viewers, the company said.

The internet search giant also confirmed earlier reports that the Internet Research Agency had purchased search and display ads from it. Google said the group had bought $4,700 in ads but none of them had targeted users by their political leanings, which was a targeting tool that Google added before the election.

Google had been investigating a separate $53,000 in ad purchases with political material from Russian internet or building addresses, but discovered that those were not related to the Kremlin.

“While we found only limited activity on our services, we will continue to work to prevent all of it, because no amount of interference is acceptable,” wrote Richard Salgado, Google’s director of law enforcement and information security, and Kent Walker, Google’s general counsel. The two men were scheduled to testify at separate congressional committees on Tuesday and Wednesday.

For Facebook, Google and Twitter, the discovery of Russian influence by way of their sites has been a rude awakening. The companies had long positioned themselves as spreading information and connecting people for positive ends. Now the companies must grapple with how Russian agents used their technologies exactly as they were meant to be used — but for malevolent purposes.

That has led to thorny debates inside the companies. For Facebook, the problem is less straightforward than finding Russia-linked pages and taking down content. Executives worry about how stifling speech from non-American entities could set a precedent on the social network — and how it could potentially be used against other groups in the future.

So Facebook has focused on the issue of authenticity — or the fact that the Russian agencies did not identify themselves as such — as a reason for taking down the accounts.

“Many of these ads did not violate our content policies,” Elliot Schrage, vice president of policy and communications at Facebook, said in a company blog post earlier this month. “That means that for most of them, if they had been run by authentic individuals, anywhere, they could have remained on the platform.”

Earlier this month, Senators Amy Klobuchar and Mark Warner introduced a bipartisan bill to require internet companies to identify those who paid for political ads on the tech companies’ platforms.

Facebook has been promoting its strengthened advertising disclosure policies as an attempt to pre-empt the bipartisan bill. Last week, Facebook began rolling out new features that provide insight into who is paying for ads, and it will maintain a publicly viewable database of ads purchased on the network.

The company is also stepping up its counterintelligence and security measures. Facebook has said it is working with Twitter, Google and other companies to spot sophisticated threats earlier, and will continue to coordinate with law enforcement when appropriate. The company said it shuttered 5.8 million fake accounts in October 2016, and removed 30,000 accounts attempting to influence the French elections this year.

Google also said it plans to increase its transparency for political ads. The company is working to issue an annual report about who is buying political ads and how much they are spending.

The company also said it planned to create a publicly accessible database into what election ads ran on Google’s AdWords — for example, web search ads — and YouTube. Google said it will identify the advertisers paying for political ads within a link accessible from the ad.

But Google said it did not intend to take any further action against state-backed Russian news channel RT, which has built a massive online audience through YouTube. The American intelligence community has described RT as the Kremlin’s “principal international propaganda outlet”, but Google said the organization had not violated any of its policies or misused the service.

Last week, by contrast, Twitter said it would ban RT and Sputnik, another Kremlin-backed news organization, from advertising on its service.

Original Article : nytimes.com



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GPS Trackers And Bluetooth Leashes: Halloween Family Safety Tech

PintFeed | GPS Trackers for Halloween

FOX11, Los Angeles -

AMBER ALERT GPS CHILD TRACKER


THE GOOD

Website accesses Megan’s Law National Sex Offender’s Database and shows you registered sex offenders addresses within 500’ of your child.
Has an SOS button for calling loved ones in an emergency. You can designate up to 10 emergency contacts.
Device alerts you when battery falls below 15%

THE BAD

Costs $135
Requires a monthly plan which will run you between $15 & $18

Trax Play GPS Trackerhttps://traxfamily.com/tracker-for-kids/


THE GOOD

Strongest feature is geo-fencing which alerts you when your child wanders outside a designated area. For Halloween the most compelling feature is that you can set a perimeter around your own phone and be alerted when the tracker gets too far away from you.
Augmented reality feature makes it easy to find a lost child. Simply point your phone in the direction of the tracker, and it’s location and distance will show up on your phone’s screen, making it easier to find your child in a crowd.
Only $99. Prepaying for service makes it cheaper. Pay for 24 months and it will cost you only $4 a month, or $96 up front.

THE BAD

Accuracy can be sketchy indoors.
It can update location at intervals as often as 10 seconds which will drain the battery faster.

Tick Talk Watchhttps://www.myticktalk.com/collections/all


THE GOOD

Standalone cellphone and needs no partner app, though it works with one.
Phone holds 13 contacts and can be set so that only calls from contacts can ring through
Tack the watch through the app on your own phone

THE BAD

Since it is essentially a cellphone, it has the same limitations as cellphone.
Latest version costs $150 and requires a monthly service plan with your carrier which will cost you anywhere from $5-$10


My Buddy Taghttps://www.mybuddytag.com/


THE GOOD

Alerts you when your child leaves a preset distance from you.
Low cost $39.99
Panic button your child can press if in distress
Drowning alert. If the device becomes submerged for longer than 5 seconds you will be alerted.

THE BAD

Good and bad- has to be removed with a special tool


MommyImHere Locatorhttp://www.mommyimhere.com/mommy-im-here-cl305-alert-advanced-locator-tracker-alerts-you-when-your-child-is-more-than-30-feet-from-you-immediate-notification-helps-keep-kids-safe/


THE GOOD

Super simple. Teddy Bear is connect to FOB and if your child is more than 30 feet away from you, a piercing alarm immediately sounds off from the fob.
Once the alarm sounds on the fob, parent can push a button and activate an alarm on the Teddy Bear to locate the child within 150feet
Mounts to a shoe or belt

THE BAD

none

Original Article : fox5ny.com


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Motion Picture Academy grants special Oscar to Alejandro Iñárritu's VR project

PintFeed | Alejandro G. Iñárritu

The Academy Of Motion Picture Arts And Sciences rarely hands out the Special Achievement Academy Award, possibly because doing so is an acknowledgement that the medium can change and grow in new and weird ways. It’s exclusively for important or exciting achievements in films that doesn’t specifically relate to an existing category, like the visual effects and alien voices in the original Star Wars movies, the sound effects editing in Raiders Of The Lost Ark, and some other stuff that isn’t related to George Lucas. The most recent winner was Toy Story in 1996, which won the special Oscar simply for being the first feature-length computer-animated movie, but the Motion Picture Academy will finally be giving out another one later this year.

As reported by Variety, Alejandro G. Iñárritu’s VR project Carne Y Arena will be getting an Oscar at the Governors Awards ceremony in November. The virtual reality experience screened at Cannes earlier this year (even though “screened” might not be the right word), and it’s about people trying to cross the U.S./Mexico border. AMPAS president John Bailey released a statement about Carne Y Arena and why it has been deemed worthy of a particularly exclusive Academy Award:

Iñárritu’s multimedia art and cinema experience is a deeply emotional and physically immersive venture into the world of migrants crossing the desert of the American southwest in early dawn light. More than even a creative breakthrough in the still emerging form of virtual reality, it viscerally connects us to the hot-button political and social realities of the U.S.-Mexico border.

You can currently see Carne Y Arena at the Los Angeles County Museum Of Art.

Original Article : avclub.com


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Meet the High Schooler Shaking Up Artificial Intelligence

PintFeed | Artificial Intelligence

SINCE ITS FOUNDING by Elon Musk and others nearly two years ago, nonprofit research lab OpenAI has published dozens of research papers. One posted online Thursday is different: Its lead author is still in high school.

The wunderkind is Kevin Frans, a senior currently working on his college applications. He trained his first neural net—the kind of system that tech giants use to recognize your voice or face—two years ago, at the age of 15. Inspired by reports of software mastering Atari games and the board game Go, he has since been reading research papers and building pieces of what they described. “I like how you can get computers to do things that previously you would think were impossible,” Frans says, flashing his ready smile. One of his creations is an interactive webpage that automatically colors in line drawings, in the style of manga comics.

Frans landed at OpenAI after taking on one of the lab’s list of problems in need of new ideas. He made progress, but got stuck and emailed OpenAI researcher John Schulman for advice. After some back and forth on the matter of trust region policy optimization, Schulman checked out Frans’s blog and got a surprise. “I didn’t expect from those emails that he was in high school,” he says.

Frans later met Schulman when he interviewed for an internship at OpenAI. When he turned up for work in San Francisco’s Mission District this summer, Frans was the only intern without a degree or studying in grad school. He started working on a tricky problem that holds back robots and other AI systems—how can machines tap what they’ve previously learned to solve new problems?

Humans do this without a second thought. Even if you’re making a recipe for the first time, you don’t have to re-learn how to caramelize onions or sift flour. By contrast, machine-learning software generally has to repeat its lengthy training process for every new problem—even when they have common elements.

Frans’s new paper, with Schulman and three others affiliated with the University of California Berkeley, reports new progress on this problem. “If it could get solved it could be a really big deal for robotics but also other elements of AI,” Frans says. He developed an algorithm that helped virtual legged robots learn which limb movements could be applied to multiple tasks, such as walking and crawling. In tests, it helped virtual robots with two and four legs adapt to new tasks, including navigating mazes, more quickly. A videoreleased by OpenAI shows an ant-like robot in those tests. The work has been submitted to ICLR, one of the top conferences in machine learning. "Kevin's paper provides a fresh approach to the problem, and some results that go beyond anything demonstrated previously," Schulman says.

Frans grapples with challenging motion problems away from computers, too, as a black belt in Tae Kwon Do. Some of his enthusiasm for AI may come just from inhaling the air on his way to Gunn High School in Palo Alto, California, the heart of Silicon Valley. Frans says he works on his AI projects without help from his parents, but he isn’t the only computer whiz in the house. His father works on silicon-chip design at publicly listed semiconductor company Xilinx.

As you may have guessed, Frans is an outlier. Olga Russakovsky, a professor at Princeton who works on machine vision, says making research contributions in machine learning so young is unusual. In general, it’s harder for school kids to try machine learning and AI than subjects such as math or science with a long tradition of extra-curricular competitions and mentoring, she says. Access to computing power can be a hurdle as well. When Frans’s desktop computer wasn’t powerful enough to test one of his ideas, he pulled out his debit card and opened an account with Google's cloud-computing service to put his code through its paces. He advises other kids interested in machine learning to give it a shot. “The best thing to do is to go out and try it, make it yourself from your own hands,” he says.

Russakovsky is part of a movement among AI researchers trying to get more high schoolers tinkering with AI systems. One motivation is a belief that the field is currently too male, well-off, and white. “AI is a field that’s going to revolutionize everything in our society, and we can’t have it be built by people from a homogenous group that doesn’t represent society as a whole,” Russakovsky says. She cofounded AI4ALL, a foundation that organizes camps that give high-school students from diverse backgrounds a chance to work with and learn from AI researchers.

Back in Palo Alto, Frans has been thinking about helping the next generation of AI experts, too. He has a seven-year-old younger brother. “He’s interested in coding I think,” Frans says. “Maybe when he’s older I can help him.”

Original Article : wired.com
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Google introduces Neural Networks API in developer preview of Android 8.1

PintFeed | Google Android 8.1 introduces Neural Networks API

Today, Google is starting to seed to devs a new developer beta (8.1) of Android Oreo.

The big highlight here is the new Neural Networks API, which brings hardware-accelerated inference to the phone for quickly executing previously trained machine learning models. Bringing these calculations to the edge can bring a lot of utility to the end user by reducing latency and load on the network, while also keeping more sensitive data on-device.

This can come in handy when it comes to allowing the apps on your phone to do things like classify images or learn from how your habits predict behavior. Google said they designed the Neural Networks API as a “foundational layer” for frameworks like TensorFlow Lite, Caffe2 and others.

If available, the API can make use of special AI chips on the device — or fall back to the CPU if that’s the only option. Google’s new Pixel 2 phones feature such a special chip (the Pixel Visual Core) and Google previously said that it planned to turn it on once the 8.1 preview went live (so today…).

While the Neural Networks API focuses on putting more work on the user’s device, Google also is introducing some optimizations for Android Go in 8.1 that should help developers target users of the lightweight version of Android for more basic smartphones that Google announced at I/O this past May.

Go is all about low-specced phones with bad connectivity. This update focuses on memory optimizations for devices running less than 1GB of RAM; they’ve also made it so that developers can target distribution of updates to devices based on their system memory if they’re running 8.1 or later.

Beyond this, the 8.1 developer preview will bring some updates to Autofill so its easier for password managers to use the framework. These updates all come in addition to the expected bug patches and security patches.

Android 8.1 isn’t coming to consumers until December, but if you’re a developer you can jump on the beta now.

Original Article : techcrunch.com
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Uber’s launched a new credit card, and I can’t wait to get one

PintFeed | Uber rides

Call me a shill, but I’m genuinely excited for Uber’s new Visa credit card, which will be available across the US from November 2.

There’s no annual fee, and you’ll earn reward points for all your online and offline purchases, with spends on dining and airfare bringing in even more points than usual.

There are other benefits, like no foreign transaction fees, $50 credit towards streaming services like Netflix and Spotify, and you’ll earn $100 after spending $500 on purchases within 90 days of getting your card.

The reason I’m chuffed about it is that you can redeem all those reward points towards Uber rides. As someone who’s keen on never owning a car in my lifetime, I’d be happy to find ways to offset the costs of my cab rides. If that means signing up to use an Uber-branded card, I’m on board.

Of course, you might be concerned about what sort of data Uber will be able to add to your profile now that it knows what you’re spending money on. The company told Engadget that only the issuing bank, Barclays, would get access to that information; all Uber will get is the aggregate amounts of money spent using these cards, and how many Uber credits each customer has earned from reward points.

It isn’t clear when or if Uber’s card will arrive in other countries; we’ve contacted the company to learn more and will update this post if there’s a response.

Original Article : thenextweb.com
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Google's 'Advanced Protection' Locks Down Accounts Like Never Before

PintFeed | Google's 'Advanced Protection'

WHEN IT COMES to the eternal tradeoff between digital security and convenience, most tech firms focus their efforts on the vast majority of people who choose a painless user experience over a paranoid one. But Google is adding a set of features specifically targeted at those who prefer the latter. You can now lock down your account to a degree that no other major tech firm has ever offered directly to users, convenience be damned. 

On Tuesday, Google announced the launch of a new "advanced protection" setting for Google accounts, which makes it harder than ever for hackers to break into your sensitive data on Gmail, Google Drive, YouTube or any other Google property. The opt-in, ultra-secure mode is intended for truly high-risk users, including those who face the threat of state-sponsored, highly resourced cyberespionage. Think politicians and officials, high net-worth individuals, activists, dissidents, and journalists.

As such, it's a strict and unforgiving system, designed to reinforce every possible weak link that hackers could use to hijack your account. Logging in from a desktop will require a special USB key, while accessing your data from a mobile device will similarly require a Bluetooth dongle. All non-Google services and apps will be exiled from reaching into your Gmail or Google Drive. Google's malware scanners will use a more intensive process to quarantine and analyze incoming documents. And if you forget your password, or lose your hardware login keys, you'll have to jump through more hoops than ever to regain access, the better to foil any intruders who would abuse that process to circumvent all of Google's other safeguards.

"This is basically an extremely heavy-duty way of locking down an account," says Joseph Lorenzo Hall, the chief technologist for the Center for Democracy and Technology. "Even for people with very limited technology chops, this is a way for them to have an extremely protected profile."

The Advanced Protection rollout comes in the wake of a series of sophisticated hacking campaigns that have targeted Gmail and focused on the accounts of journalists, activists, and political opponents of the Russian government. Most public of those was the Kremlin-backed intrusion that hit the Gmail account of Hillary Clinton campaign manager John Podesta and led to WikiLeaks trickling out his emails for weeks, with far-reaching political reverberations. 

"There is an overlooked minority of our users that are at particularly high risk of targeted online attacks," reads a blog post about the new feature from Google's security team. "For example, these might be campaign staffers preparing for an upcoming election, journalists who need to protect the confidentiality of their sources, or people in abusive relationships seeking safety."

Or, as CDT's Hall puts it, "If John Podesta had been able to turn this on sometime last year, the world might be a very different place."

Of all its tightened security measures, Advanced Protection's biggest day-to-day change for most users will likely be its requirement that they use a physical piece of hardware with every login. Users will have to buy their own so-called Universal Second Factor or U2F keys—one USB key for their desktop that costs around $20, and one Bluetooth-LE-enabled key for mobile that's closer to $25. Google says it supports any keys approved by the FIDO Alliance, a group that manages identity and authentication protocols.

Those devices represent a significant step up from the purely digital two-factor authentication that has become the Silicon Valley standard. That added layer of protection sends temporary login codes to users via SMS, or generates them with a smartphone app like Google Authenticator. Requiring a U2F token instead of that code makes impersonating a user far more difficult. Unlike one-time codes, those tokens can't be intercepted on the carrier network, or obtained by hacking someone's smartphone. More importantly, the hardware-enabled login isn't vulnerable to phishing sites that spoof Google's login page, and then use a stolen code and password to immediately hijack the user's account. The U2F key performs its own authentication step with Google's site to check it's legit, and only then supplies a key that logs the user in with no need to type a code. 

Google has supported those U2F keys for the last three years. But Advanced Protection uses a stricter implementation than Google has offered in the past: Onlythose physical keys—along with a password—will unlock your account. If you lose them, you can't use a printed out backup code in your wallet, or ask for one to be sent to you. Instead, you'll have to go through an account recovery process that Google says will be far more stringent and labor-intensive than the one used for normal users when they click "forgot password?"

Google hasn't shared the details of what that process entails. But the CDT's Hall, whom Google briefed on the details, says it will include a "cooling-off" period that will lock the account for a period of time while the user proves his or her identity via several other factors. That slowed-down, intensive check is designed to make the account-recovery process a far less appealing backdoor into victims' data.

Account recovery purgatory isn't the only user-experience sacrifice Advanced Protection requires. At launch, it only works when you visit Google properties in Chrome. It delays the receipt of attachments and other files by roughly 60 seconds, as it performs a more-rigorous-than-usual scan for malware. And it bans all non-Google apps from accessing your Gmail or Google account, blocking you from exporting your email into any other software like the iOS mail client, Outlook, or Thunderbird.

Hall says all of that means Google needs to communicate clearly to users that Advanced Protection's security requires a real change in their habits—namely keeping very careful track of two physical slices of silicon—but that its draconian restrictions will reap worthwhile security gains. "If this results in people getting locked out of important accounts all the time, it won’t be used very much," he warns. "The messaging around this has to be really clear that once you turn it on, it's a real 'thou shall not pass.'"

In exchange for those inconveniences, Advanced Protection would in theory protect against some of the most insidious recent attacks on Gmail. The relatively convincing phishing scheme that hooked John Podesta almost certainly would have failed. And even a more clever scheme, like the Google Docs phishing emails last May that tricked users into installing a third-party application that hijacked their accounts, might be stymied; Advanced Protection's restrictions on non-Google software's access to Gmail would have prevented it. 

All of that means Advanced Protection offers a powerful new bargain for those who truly need it. Your retired uncle whose hacked account has been sent you spam intermittently for years may find the cure worse than the disease. But if having your email penetrated represents a career or even life-ending event, protecting it is probably worth carrying a couple more keys in your pocket.

Original Article : wired.com

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Docker gives into inevitable and offers native Kubernetes support

PintFeed | DockerCon Europe

When it comes to container orchestration, it seems clear that Kubernetes, the open source tool developed by Google, has won the battle for operations’ hearts and minds. It therefore shouldn’t come as a surprise to anyone who’s been paying attention that Docker announced native support for Kubernetes today at DockerCon Europe in Copenhagen.

The company hasn’t given up completely on its own orchestration tool, Docker Swarm, but by offering native Kubernetes support for the first time, it is acknowledging that people are using it in sufficient numbers that they have to build in support. To take the sting away from supporting a rival tool, they are offering an architecture that enables users to select an orchestration engine at run time. That can be Swarm or Kubernetes each time without any need to alter code, Banjot Chanana, head of product at Docker told TechCrunch.

Before today’s announcement, while it was possible to use Kubernetes with Docker, it wasn’t necessarily an easy process. With the new Kubernetes support, it should be far simpler for both Docker Enterprise Edition and Docker Developer Edition users.

Chanana says that because of the way Docker is architected it wasn’t actually that difficult to offer Kubernetes alongside Docker Swarm and do it in a way that it wouldn’t look or feel like a bolt-on. Docker gives customers a standard way to build program containers. This is usually taken care of by the developer in the DevOps model.

Operations deals with deploying, securing and managing the containers through their lifecycle using an orchestration tool. Over the last couple of years, Kubernetes has been gaining steam as the orchestration tool of choice with big names like AWSOracleMicrosoftVMware and Pivotal all joining the Cloud Native Computing Foundation this year, the open source organization that houses the Kubernetes project.

When all of those organizations climbed on the bandwagon, Docker had little choice but to go along to get aligned with customers’ wishes. Docker was able to build in support while keeping support for their own orchestration tool alive, but it’s fairly clear that Kubernetes has become the orchestration tool that people will be using for the majority of container workloads moving forward.

It’s worth noting that The Information reported this week that in 2014 when it was developing Kubernetes, Google offered to collaborate with Docker and let it house the Kubernetes project, but the company decided to develop Swarm and Google moved onto the Cloud Native Computing Foundation. Today’s announcement brings them full circle in a sense, as they will be supporting Kubernetes moving forward (even if they don’t house the code).

Original Article : techcrunch.com
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Types of Atypical Pneumonia

PintFeed | Atypical Pneumonia

Pneumonia


Pneumonia is a respiratory infection, which causes the air sacs in the lungs to be filled with pus or fluid. The infection is more likely to affect those with a weakened immune system. Some forms of pneumonia may be prevented with vaccination. However, there are many different causes for pneumonia. These can be broadly classified under bacterial, viral and fungal infections.

There are 30 different microbial infections that can result in pneumonia. It is not realistic to assume that a single vaccination will render the individual immune to all possible types of pneumonia. Although getting the vaccination will reduce the chance of contracting the infection.

Types of Atypical Pneumonia


Atypical pneumonia is also referred to as walking pneumonia. This is because the symptoms of the illness are not the typical symptoms of pneumonia caused by other bacteria. Atypical pneumonia is always caused by a bacterial infection.

The severity of the symptoms of walking pneumonia are not as much as regular pneumonia. In fact, often the patient doesn’t even realise that they are suffering from pneumonia. Atypical pneumonia is primarily caused by three different forms of bacteria.

  1. Mycoplasma Pneumonia

This type of atypical pneumonia is caused by the Mycoplasma pneumoniae bacteria. It is a milder form of pneumonia which affects children and adults alike. Symptoms often resemble that of the common cold or flu. This includes sneezing, coughing and low grade fever. Most people are unaware that it is pneumonia and may not even receive medication for it. The illness runs its course and disappears.

  1. Chlamydophila Pneumonia

The Chlamydophila pneumoniae bacteria causes this a typical pneumonia. It primarily affects children. Since it spreads due to its contagious nature, it is also known as community acquired pneumonia. It can take nearly 21 days after exposure to the bacteria for the symptoms to become visible. Symptoms include runny nose, feeling of fatigue, low fever, sore throat, headache and a slowly worsening cough. The disease has a tendency to peak every four years in the community.

  1. Legionella Pneumonia

Legionnella pneumophila bacteria is responsible for this type of a typical pneumonia. This is a respiratory infection which does not spread from contact with another infected person. It spreads through mist such as that generated by air conditioning systems in a big building. Or the mist that may be generated from hot tubs or showers at the gym. Also called Legionnaire’s disease, it can be fatal. This lethal form of pneumonia is very rare. It’s a life-threatening illness, where symptoms often show up too late or not at all. If caught in time it can be treated successfully with antibiotics.

Diagnosis of Atypical Pneumonia


Mycoplasma pneumonia doesn’t have very severe symptoms. They rival the symptoms of a common cold and are usually not taken very seriously by the patient. The patient continues walking and taking care of their normal, daily routine activities, which is why it is also referred to as Walking Pneumonia. Chlamydophila pneumonia has more pronounced symptoms and is likely to be brought to the attention of a health care professional. In case of Legionnaires’ disease, the symptoms often don’t manifest until it is too late to do anything about them.

For all types of pneumonia, a chest x-ray is a good way to diagnose the infection. The sound of the lungs may also be checked via a stethoscope. Respiratory secretions may be tested to determine the type of infection. This can aid in prescribing the correct antibiotic should the infection be bacterial in nature. Blood tests may also be performed as part of the diagnostic procedure. In some cases, urine tests may also be recommended.

Treating Atypical Pneumonia


There are no vaccines currently in existence to help prevent a typical pneumonia. Even recovering from these forms of pneumonia does not guarantee immunity from a second bout with the illness. Prevention is not always possible as the bacteria may be transmitted in many different manners to the patient. However once diagnosed, Mycoplasma pneumoniaChlamydia pneumonia and Legionella pneumonia can all be treated using antibiotics.

A sample of phlegm or a swab of the nose or throat is usually enough to help identify the bacteria causing the infection. The correct antibiotic for the infection is then easy to prescribe. The most commonly used antibiotic medication include macrolide antibiotics, fluoroquinolones, and tetracyclines. Out of these fluoroquinolones are not usually administered to young children. The other two are suitable for both adults and children.

Besides medication, patients will be asked to increase their fluid intake and get lots of rest. Some pain medication may be used to alleviate body ache. Fever may be controlled using other medication. Should blood oxygen levels run low, oxygen therapy may be recommended. Most cases are treated at home, but if the illness becomes too severe hospitalization may take place.

Reviewed by Catherine Shaffer, M.Sc.

Original Article : news-medical.net
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Microsoft builds epic tree house office space for employees

PintFeed | Microsoft builds epic tree house office

THE biggest tech companies on the planet seem to be competing for who can build the coolest offices — and we have a new favourite.

FROM Apple’s new spaceship headquarters to Google’s massage rooms, nap pods and on-site doctor, day-to-day life can be pretty sweet working for some of the world’s most recognisable companies.
And Microsoft has arguably outdone them all by building every kid’s dream tree house.

The new office facility for Microsoft staff is an elaborate treetop meeting space at its corporate headquarters in Redmond, Washington. The company recently revealed its new digs on its blog.

“To get to Microsoft’s most unexpected new meeting space, embark on a leisurely outdoor stroll up a planked, accessible switchback ramp. At the top, a secure wooden gate swings open to reveal a deck suspended by timber beams and cables,” the company wrote.

The tree house sits nearly four metres off the ground and boasts charred-wood walls and a soaring ceiling with a round skylight. Hand-carved arched double doors glide open with the swipe of an employee badge.

The tree house offices were built by Pete Nelson, who is the host of the series Treehouse Masters, which airs on the Discovery Channel in Australia.

According to Microsoft, the space is intended to help “employees benefit from what science shows is the powerful impact of nature on creativity, focus and happiness.”

And according to Bret Boulter, who helped head up the project, at first glance it appears to be working.
“The first thing when you walk into the space is that everyone is really quiet. You stop talking and are just present,” said Mr Boulter. “It’s fascinating. People absorb the environment, and it changes the perception of their work and how they can do it,” he said.

It’s true that the outdoors can have a positive impact on your mood.

Nature “stimulates reward neurons in your brain. It turns off the stress response, which means you have lower cortisol levels, lower heart rate and blood pressure, and improved immune response,” wrote Harvard physician Eva Selhub, co-author of Your Brain on Nature.

So rather than throwing a few more house plants in the office, Microsoft decided to take the office to the outdoors.

“We don’t have to bring nature to urbanity — we are in nature. It’s at our back door,” said Mr Boulter.
And the rest of us regular office-dwelling people are very jealous indeed.

Original Article : news.com.au
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